The language used is, however, highly negative: "disorder" and "abnormalities," for example. Would anyone apply such language to the study of neurological differences between ethnic groups? "Irish people have abnormally high concentrations of neurons in their occipital lobe," or "Swedes have more severe obsessive behavior." The fact that a cause has not been established should be evidence enough that there are forces at work here that humanity does not fully comprehend. These are the same forces that brought us to what we are now. I do not mean that individuals with AS are in anyway more highly evolved or superior, but simply one component in a necessary series of diverse neurological types.
As a society we readily accept that some people are tall and some short. Some people are quick on their feet, ready to make snap decisions, and others need to ponder the matter for a while. There are those who are talented in music and those who are not. Any episode of American Idol can demonstrate this. Yet we cannot seem to cope with the idea that some people are more socially aware and attuned then others. Some individuals are not very social at all.
When we look at famous individuals with AS like Albert Einstein, Andy Warhol, and half of Silicon Valley, we find highly eccentric individuals who have certain gifts. I cannot see what is wrong with this diversity. In business, art, and science we call it talent, in medicine, psychology, and education it is called a disorder. In certain degrees of "severity" AS can be disruptive to an individual's ability to function in society, but then so can the opposite "severity" of extremely social behavior.
Eventually, our society is going to have to face the fact that there are many different kinds of people and everyone has something valuable and marketable to contribute.
Special thanks to Joseph for reminding me to write something on this topic.